There was a time, when cancer was a disease that was considered rare and something that was almost unheard of, for most people. Today, doctors are faced with an increasing number of people who are suffering from the same. Worryingly, there are many types of cancer these days and many times it becomes a difficult task to detect them.
One of the most common types of cancer these days is skin cancer, Food intolerance specialist uk and in most cases it’s because people don’t take care of themselves and protect themselves from the sun. The important thing to remember is that skin cancer can be treated and cured if detected early.
What is skin cancer?
When there is uncontrolled growth of skin cells that are not normal, it is called skin cancer. This type of cancer occurs when the DNA of skin cells becomes damaged and is not repaired. It causes mutations, genetic defects and can lead to tumors and malignancy.
Why urgent skin cancer treatment is important:
If the condition is detected in the early stages, the cancer is relatively easy to treat and eradicate completely. Also, early detection will also ensure that the condition does not spread to other parts of the body.
In order to receive early treatment, it is important to learn how to examine your skin, which in turn will ensure that you are able to detect the condition early.
What are the types of cancer?
In treating skin cancer, the most important step is to find out the type of cancer. There are actually three types of skin cancer:
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC): This is probably the most common type of skin cancer and is actually more common than any other type of skin cancer. This type of cancer originates from basal cells, which are actually present in the deeper layers of the epidermis. Initial presentation may be as a bump or sore, which does not heal. It can also appear as a patch of skin, which is red and irritated. Most often, areas of the skin that are constantly exposed to sunlight, such as the face, ears, and scalp, are affected DIGESTIVE PROBLEMS by basal cell carcinoma. If the condition is diagnosed in time, it is treatable and curable.
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC): Starting in squamous cells, this type of cancer also affects the epidermis. The condition may present itself as crusting or scaling of the skin. The area may be red and swollen and there may be nodules, which do not heal. Although this condition is usually seen in areas that are constantly exposed to sunlight, it can actually manifest itself in any part of the body. With early treatment, the condition can be prevented from spreading.
Melanoma: This is the most dangerous type of skin cancer that arises from pigmented skin cells. If this condition is not diagnosed in time, it can lead to death. However, this type of cancer can be treated with minor surgeries. But if melanoma starts to spread inside the body, it can be quite difficult to treat.
What are the main treatments for skin cancer:
If the condition is detected well in time, there are some procedures and treatments, which can cure the cancer. Some commonly used methods include:
Wide local excision – the tumor is removed through surgery, and a small amount of tissue surrounding the tumor is also removed.
Mohs Surgery – Skin cancer is removed very precisely.
Cryosurgery – Tumors are destroyed by cold treatment.
Laser surgery – Cancer cells are vaporized using a laser.
Curettage and desiccation – Skin cancer is removed by methods such as scraping and cauterization.
Topical chemotherapy – Prescribed medications, in lotion or cream form, may be applied to the skin where the cancer has first appeared.
Laser treatment for precancerous growths – A laser is used to remove skin conditions that may eventually turn into skin cancer.
Photodynamic therapy for precancerous growths – Special, called photosensitizing agents, are combined with light therapy and used to kill the malignant cells.
What are important tasks and what are not?
Here are the things you should do:
· Try to minimize time spent in the sun, especially between 10 am and 2 pm, when the sun’s rays are strongest.
· Wear clothing that provides protection from the sun, including sunglasses and a wide-brimmed hat
Make sure you use sunscreen on a regular basis, and choose one that protects you from UVA and UVB.
Avoid artificial tans, tanning beds and tanning devices as much as possible.
Learn how to recognize the ABCDEs of skin cancer lesions:
B: Border irregularity
C: Color variation
D: Increase in diameter
E: evolving n