The shock wave therapy device generates impulses that facilitate the penetration of tissues by the shock wave with healing properties. Using a correctly chosen wave transmitter, the physiotherapist can treat trigger points or long joints, stimulate muscles or perform treatments that reduce cellulite.
The shock wave propagates radially in the tissues, facilitating the treatment of both superficial diseases and pathological states in deep tissues. During a treatment, the gun of the device transmits around 4 thousand shocks depending on the type of disease.
How does shockwave therapy, help patients?
The use of shock waves makes it possible to stimulate specific body parts and, in the case of devices that generate compressor pressure above 3.5 bars, treat diseases in which chronic calcification processes occur.
An example of a degenerative change in which the application of shock waves brings excellent effects is heel spurs. Shockwave therapy Hamilton treats chronic pain and discomfort linked to degeneration and inflammation of tendons, muscles, bones, joint capsules or ligaments. Its unique properties are used in the treatment of athletes’ injuries. The shock waves, through hyper stimulation of the nerve endings and cell membranes, block the pain signals, which enable the complete elimination of pain. The positive effects of the therapy make it possible to stop taking painkillers and, in many cases, avoid surgery.
Why is it done?
Although shock waves have multiple therapeutic benefits, this treatment is mainly used to treat diseases requiring tissue regeneration. Thus, the therapeutic properties of shock waves are the new creation of new blood vessels, the production of collagen, the elimination of trigger points, the elimination of calcification and the treatment of chronic inflammations.
Among the most used is the treatment of chronic pain, such as shoulder or hip pain, calcifications, plantar fasciitis, chronic tendinopathy or jumper’s knee.
What does it consist of?
The session will consist of 3 phases:
. First, the specialist will palpate to more precisely locate the area to be treated with shock waves.
. Next, the gel will be applied to the area to allow the shock waves to pass through more efficiently.
. Finally, the shock wave applicator is used in the area. It is an apparatus through which the specialist must press and apply the waves manually.
Normally, shock wave treatments require 3 to 5 sessions, which would be carried out a few days apart, between 3 and 10 days, depending on the tolerance and response of each patient. Even so, the improvement in pain begins from the first session.
Preparation for shock waves
Shock waves do not require special preparation by the patient since it is not an invasive treatment, and no type of anesthesia is required.
Care after the intervention
After the shock wave sessions, patients are recommended to avoid physical exercise for the next 48 hours, especially affecting or involving the treated area. Some people may present slight pain after the session, which subsides in 2 to 4 hours.
Alternatives to this treatment
In addition to shock waves, other therapies are indicated for treating chronic pain, such as acupuncture and hyaluronic acid injections.
What diseases are treated with shock wave therapy?
The effectiveness of shock wave therapy is clinically confirmed. Treatments linked to the penetration of the tissues by the shock wave produce benefits in the form of:
. improved blood flow – increased microcirculation and metabolism
. reduction of muscle tone – relaxation effect
. anti-inflammatory and analgesic function – permanent therapeutic effect
Generally, between 3 and 4 treatments carried out with an interval of one week allow to achieve the desired effect. What is essential, the therapeutic results are long-lasting and the treatment does not require anaesthesia.
What diseases are treated with shock wave therapy?
Shock wave therapy produces satisfactory effects in the treatment of the following diseases:
. plantar fasciitis
. painful shoulder syndrome
. Patellar ligament pain – jumper’s knee
. anterior tibial syndrome
. muscle tension, trigger points
. trochanteric bursitis
. chronic enthesopathies
. IT band syndrome
Shock wave therapy in physiotherapy centers
Treatments using the positive effect of shock waves on the musculoskeletal system are currently one of the most popular therapies used in physiotherapy centers. The first devices for shock wave therapy had a different construction and generated a focused wave. An effective influence of these devices was also observed in physiotherapy.
The coked wave has high local energy. The change in wave generation method led to the creation of a device for Radial Shock Wave Therapy (RSWT), which was much less invasive and, at the same time, effective in physiotherapy. To ensure proper transmission of the wave from the transmitter to the body, a coupling medium must be used. It is usually a gel.
Devices manufactured today are often equipped with a built-in encyclopedia of treatments. The physiotherapist selects the most appropriate parameters or one of the predetermined treatment programs created to achieve the best therapeutic results.
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