Your nose is essential to your health. It warms and humidifies the air and prevents the lungs and the tubes leading to them from drying out. The nose also contains nerve cells that help us smell. If you have a problem with your nose, your whole body can suffer. For example, a blocked nose due to a cold can lead to difficulty breathing, sleeping or general health. In addition to the common cold, many other problems can affect your nose. Between them:
- Unbalanced nasal septum: misalignment of the wall that divides the nasal cavity into two halves.
- Nasal polyps: soft masses in the nose lining or sinuses.
- Allergic rhinitis: inflammation of the nose and sinuses. Allergies can also be the cause.
Acute sinusitis is inflammation or swelling of the tissue that lines the sinuses. The sinuses are normally filled with air, but when they become clogged and filled with fluid, they can lead to infection. Conditions that cause sinus blockage include the common cold, allergic rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal lining), polyps (small growths of the nasal lining), and septal deviation (disruption of the nasal passages). Allergies can also cause sinus swelling and poor drainage.
Common treatments include antibiotics, oral/topical decongestants, over-the-counter medications/sprays, and antihistamines. Sinus surgery may be necessary if medications are ineffective in opening the sinuses or if nasal polyps are present. A turbinate reduction involving the nasal bone can be performed to shrink the inflamed nasal membranes permanently.
Leakage of cerebrospinal fluid (encephaloceles)
CSF leakage and encephalocele can occur due to trauma, obesity, increased intracranial pressure, or other unknown causes. Patients usually experience an acute bleed from one nostril, which may worsen with bending, movement and exertion. CSF leakage can lead to severe complications such as meningitis (inflammation of the brain’s membranes) and pneumocephalus (air in the brain).
Traditionally, leaks have been repaired by making a large incision in the skull, creating a bone flap, retracting the brain, and finding and repairing the leak. Ear nose and throat doctor use a new minimally invasive endoscopic technique that allows us to find and repair these leaks and avoid an incision in the skull. With these techniques, patients are often discharged early with fewer complications and pain.
Nosebleeds are a common medical problem and, in most cases, will go away without treatment. If medical attention is required, nosebleeds are usually controlled by simple packing or cauterization. In severe cases, the bleeding may be due to damage to the sphenoid artery, a blood vessel behind the nose. In such cases, nose doctor in Ropar inserts an endoscope (a long lighted wand) through the nose to locate the bleeding artery and cauterize, or cut, the artery for immediate results. It can stop the bleeding. Postoperative discomfort is usually minimal and may be accompanied by nasal congestion.
Tumours of the nose and paranasal sinuses
Different benign and malignant tumours can occur in the nasal cavities and sinuses. These lesions often extend to the brain and the base of the skull. These tumours are usually removed through various facial or cranial incisions. Advances in minimally invasive endoscopic techniques have allowed surgeons to more safely and completely remove these tumours without requiring a facial incision. Nose doctor ropar can remove these tumours through the patient’s nose and natural orifice, avoiding facial and cranial incisions. With these techniques, patients usually experience fewer complications and pain and are discharged faster.
Chronic sinus infections and infections can lead to chronic sinusitis. This is a condition where patients experience a range of persistent symptoms, including:
- Stuffy nose
- Facial pain and pressure.
- Loss of taste and smell.
Doctors need to understand all the causes of chronic sinusitis. Still, frequent colds, inhalant allergies, nasal polyps or tumours, septal deviation, nasal trauma, and granulomatous disease are common causes of chronic sinusitis. These are some possible causes of sinusitis.
Nose doctor may use other techniques, such as minimally invasive endoscopic sinus surgery or balloon sinoplasty, to open your sinuses and improve drainage patterns. In general, patients experience fewer and fewer acute sinus infections and improve much faster with treatment after surgery.
In these cases, slightly aggressive surgical treatments may be performed with an endoscopic technique such as Radiofrequency of Turbinates and Nasosinusal Endoscopic Surgery. Nasal Disorders Treatment is minimally invasive and generally has an excellent postoperative period. More than 80% of cases do not require nasal packing after surgery. The return to regular activity occurs in a few days.
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